"Ignorance Vs Kamma by way of Paṭṭhāna conditions" (14-January-2019) January 13, 2019, အရွင္ ပေညာဘာသ Venerable Ashin Pannobhasa ****** Theravada Buddha Sasana Organization, https://www.tbsousa.org . The characteristic of Avijjā is mental blindness or unknowing. It is blindness. That means not knowing or not understanding the true nature of things. It may understand wrongly, but it will not understand correctly. Moha clouds one’s knowledge with regard to the four noble Truths, past round of rebirth (= Pubbanta), future round of rebirth ( = Aparanta), both of past and future round of rebirth (= Pubbantā-aparanta) and dependent of origination (= Paṭicca-samuppāda). Saṅkhārā mean immoral (akusala), moral (kusala), and unshakable (Āneñjā) volitions (cetanā) which constitute Kamma that produces rebirth. The first one includes all volitions in the 12 types of immoral consciousness; the second, all volitions in the 8 types of Beautiful (kusala) consciousness and the 5 types of kusala Rūpa-jhāna consciousness; the third, all volitions in the 4 types of kusala Arūpa-jhānas. The first one is Avijjā-paccayā Saṅkhārā, the link between Avijjā and Saṅkhārā. You all know that Avijjā means Moha. Saṅkhārā means Cetanā or kamma. There are three kinds of Saṅkhārās or formations: • The first one is formations of merit. In Pāḷi it is called Puññābhisaṅkhāra. • The second is formations of demerit, Apuññābhisaṅkhāra. • The third is formations of the imperturbable, Āneñjābhisaṅkhāra.